Salt, also known as sodium chloride, is about 40% sodium and 60% chloride. It flavors food and is used as a binder and stabilizer.
It is also a food preservative, as bacteria can’t thrive in the presence of a high amount of salt. The human body requires a small amount of sodium to conduct nerve impulses, contract and relax muscles, and maintain the proper balance of water and minerals. It is estimated that we need about 500 mg of sodium daily for these vital functions.
Globally, high sodium intakes are responsible for an estimated three million deaths. Implementing highly cost-effective sodium reduction policies could save an estimated 7 million lives by 2030.
Current average salt intake is estimated to be 10.8 grams per day (4310 mg/day), more than double the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation of <2000 mg of sodium (equivalent to <5 g of salt or one teaspoon) per day in adults.
However today, only nine countries, Brazil, Chile, Czech Republic, Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Spain and Uruguay, have a comprehensive package of recommended policies to reduce sodium intake.
▪ Breads and rolls.
▪ Cold cuts and cured meats.
▪ Burritos and tacos.
▪ Savory snacks (chips, popcorn, pretzels, snack mixes, and crackers).
▪ Eggs and omelets.
▪ Mexican-mixed dishes.
▪ Plain milk.